Over the past century, changes in climate are getting more visible. Human activities provoke those fluctuation s in nature, resulting in the erratic weather patterns – drought, floods, severe storms, etc. Those anomalies appear in the areas they should never have been. The challenge of climate change is the prior ecological task of the whole society that should be solved right away.
Changes in climate – Background and Consequence
The scientists pay much attention to this topic since this question should be on the agenda today. People started noticing the obvious transformations of the environment. For example, it’s too hot in the areas of temperate climate and there’re blizzards in the places that have never know snow. What’s happening with nature and what is the dangers of climate changes?
Scientists and climatologists forecast that the annual rainfall can be reduced in parts of the world and this leads to the changes in the growing season of some plants. Other areas might save the same climate features but the interval between rainfalls will be longer. For example, heavy but brief rains may happen that usually cause drought and floods.
Global climate changes and their consequence are various and unlimited. Mankind should understand what we should wait from nature and how to face those changes. Nobody can turn the time back and the fact is that nature changes. It transforms everything around us and if remaining a passive viewer, the serious consequence in health and activities won’t be far behind.
In the majority of cases, the reasons for changing the climate on the Earth are hidden inside the anthropogenic impact on the environment. Various model assumptions of the human’s impact on the environment have been analyzing. Here are the main reasons for abnormalities of the climate indicators:
- The growth of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration (CO2) that is due to the increasing demand for fuel. Quantities of methane in the air are growing rapidly and provoke temperature increases to 42.08 °F until 2040.
- Aerosols, in particular, sulphate. They have a strong chilling effect on the atmosphere.
- Use of land. Irrigation, cutting down of large areas of woodland, and farming affects deeply for the environmental change.
Natural and man-made reasons for changes of the climate are measured in a common metric – atmospheric radiative forcing (W/m2). The Earth’s climate and prospects for its changes are reflected in frequent volcanic eruptions, glaciation, continental drift, and displacement of the Earth’s poles. Unfortunately, the climate changing hasn’t left Ukraine unaffected. The natural background has become the warmest for the last five years. And just in 20–30 years, the average air temperature will expand by 35.6–37.4°F that will cause dramatic changes in climate.